Vermi Compost | Is the Highly Popular in India & United States

red wigglers on the compost heap
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Vermi Compost

Vermi compost is a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast that has been decomposed by various worm species, most frequently red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms. Composting with worms is called vermicomposting, and cultivating worms is called vermiculture. Vermi compost is a highly used organic fertilizer in India and the United States. Vermi compost is the byproduct of earthworms decomposing organic waste; it is also referred to as worm castings, worm humus, worm manure, and worm feces.

It was discovered that after vermicomposting, these feces contained lower levels of contaminants and a higher concentration of nutrients than they did previously. Vermi compost is an excellent organic fertilizer and soil conditioner since it is nutrient-rich and contains water-soluble nutrients in India. It has applications in both organic gardening and conventional farming. Vermi composting for sewage treatment is a potential method. Vermifiltration is an alternate method for removing organic detritus, pathogens, and oxygen demand from wastewater and blackwater (water left behind after flushing toilets).

What is Compost?

Compost or Vermi compost further develops soil quality in gardens, arranging, cultivation, metropolitan horticulture, and natural cultivating. The major benefits of organic manure incorporate giving supplements to crops, going about like a dirt conditioner, expanding the humus or humic corrosive substance of the dirt, and presenting valuable provinces of organisms that assist to smother microorganisms in the dirt.

It likewise decreases costs on the business compound for sporting landscapers and business ranchers the same. Fertilizers can likewise utilize for land and stream recovery, wetland development, and landfill cover.

What is the use of Compost?

The improvement of soil fertility requires a green material full of nutrients. Greens are materials that are wealthy in nitrogen like leaves, grass, food waste, and kitchen waste. Browns are more woody materials that are wealthy in carbon, like stalks, paper, and coconut wood shavers.

Material is ready after the decomposing process. This process takes up to six months. Nonetheless, fertilizing the soil can likewise occur as a multi-step, firmly observed cycle with estimated contributions of water, air, and carbon-and nitrogen-rich materials. The deterioration interaction is supported by destroying the plant matter, adding water, and guaranteeing legitimate air circulation by consistently turning the combination into a cycle that utilizations open heaps or \”windrows\”. Parasites, nightcrawlers, and other detritivores further separate the natural material.

High-impact microorganisms and growths deal with the synthetic cycle by changing over the contributions to warm, carbon dioxide, and ammonium. Treating the soil is a food waste of waste administration since food and other materials make up around 20% of waste in landfills and these materials take more time to biodegrade in the landfill. Fertilizing the soil offers an earth better option than involving natural material for landfills in light of the fact that treating the soil lessens methane creation, and gives monetary and ecological co-benefits.

a compost fertilizer heap and kitchen waste on compost 
vermi compost

What is Vermi Compost

red wigglers on the compost heap
Vermi Compost

Vermi compost has gained appeal in both industrial and home settings because in comparison to traditional composting. It offers a technique to treat organic wastes more quickly. This is one of the reasons why conventional composting has fallen out of favor. Composting manure results in the production of goods with lower salt levels than the original manure. Earthworms, also known as composting worms, are often red wigglers (Eisenia fetida or Eisenia andrei). However, European nightcrawlers (Eisenia hortensis, as well as red earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus), are also viable options.

The majority of people who are specialists in vermi compost advocate red wigglers since they have one of the highest appetites and can reproduce extremely quickly. People also call European nightcrawlers by a variety of other names, such as dendrobaenas, dendrites, Dutch nightcrawlers, and Belgian nightcrawlers. These are all colloquial names for the same creature.

How to work Vermi Compost

Vermi compost is an organic fertilizer and soil conditioner that is rich in nutrients and is in a form that is reasonably easy for plants to absorb. Because it contains nutrients that are water-soluble, vermi compost contains water-soluble nutrients. Castings from worms are one type of material that can be utilized as an organic fertilizer. Earthworms are responsible for the grinding and uniform mixing of minerals into basic forms, which makes it easier for plants to obtain these minerals. The digestive systems of worms generate settings that are favorable for the growth of particular types of microorganisms, which in turn contribute to the development of a living soil environment for plants. The term \”drilosphere\” refers to the portion of the soil that has been through the digestive tract of earthworms.

How to Make Vermi Compost

When vermi compost contains very little uneaten food or uneaten bedding, it is ready for collection. \”dump and hand sort\” refers to a manual technique, whereas \”let the worms sort,\” \”alternate containers,\” and \”divide and dump\” are automated alternatives. Variables include the vermicomposter\’s willingness to invest time and effort, as well as the vermicomposter\’s desire to keep as many worms as possible out of the finished compost. Small-scale vermicomposting often adopts the pyramid method to extract worm compost, as it is the simplest technique for single-layer bins.

During this stage, the compost is separated between heavy clumps that are returned to the compost pile and lighter clumps that are utilized in subsequent steps. This mixture is spread out on a tarp in the sun in little piles. Worms always seek refuge in the base of a heap. A few minutes later, the apex of the pyramid is gradually revealed until the worms are once again visible. This is continued until the worms have completely colonized the mound. In order to ensure the hatching of new worms, it is possible to remove the eggs and cocoons from the compost prior to utilizing them to fertilize the soil.

Cocoons are often lemon-shaped, yellowish-colored objects that are visible to the human eye. Twenty worms can fit within each cocoon (though 2–3 is the most common). A cocoon may remain dormant for up to two years if the conditions for hatching are not favorable.

Advantages of Vermi Compost

Studies have demonstrated that vermi compost is more nutrient-dense than regular compost. It has performed better than a commercial plant medium with added nutrients, despite the requirement for pH and magnesium adjustments. In terms of microbial biomass, soil microbial activity, and ryegrass output, however, research indicates that backyard vermicompost is inferior to commercial compost. Microbes in the soil play a crucial role in changing plant-inaccessible nutrients into forms that plants can utilise. Worm castings contain worm mucus, which aids with moisture retention and prevents nutrients from washing away after initial watering. In addition to the removal of heavy metals from sludge and soil, the overall nitrogen content of vermi compost increases. While its accessible nitrogen and phosphorus levels decrease, and its potassium level falls. Researchers have discovered that the bioavailability of heavy metals diminishes.

  • Improves the health of microbial populations and soil aeration (adding enzymes such as phosphatase and cellulase)
  • Worm feces contain ten to twenty times more microorganisms than the soil and organic matter consumed by the worm.
  • Improving the soil\’s ability to retain water by attracting the existing deep-burrowing earthworms
  • Increases seed germination, plant growth, and harvest success
  • It encourages healthy root development and plant development overall.
  • Beneficial to organisms in the soil (adding plant hormones such as auxins and gibberellic acid)
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